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livistona australis fruit

In Australia the species Cephrenes trichopepla and C. augiades sperthias have been recorded on a number of different Livistona species, in Asia Elymnias hypermnestra and likely Gangara thyrsis feed on Livistona. The most southerly stand is near Cabbage Tree Creek 30 kilometres east of Orbost, Victoria (37° S). Mart. [3], For much of the history of the genus, the species of the genus Saribus were classified within the genus Livistona. Flowers. I have a massive example in my garden. Livistona Australis – Cabbage Palm is a Australian rainforest palm. It ranges from Central Queensland in the north to Victoria in the south (latitude range of 25-37degrees). Massed cream flowers are followed by black fruits. This hardy palm is tall growing with large crowns of fan shaped fronds that branch out on multiple arms. [2] They are fan palms, the leaves with an armed petiole terminating in a rounded, costapalmate fan of numerous leaflets. Old fibers and leaf bases persist on the stem, but with age, it becomes bare with conspicuous, rough, closely spaced rings of leaf scars and vertical fissures. [7] Another species was described from Vietnam in 2000. The Plant List 2013. The Livistona australis (R.Br.) It is quite drought tolerant once established. 1838. pronounced: liv-iss-TOH-nuh oss-TRAH-liss (Arecaceae — the palm family)common name: cabbage tree palm. Rodd added five new Australian species, increasing the size of the genus. Livistona australis. It can kill the palm. Palm Delicacies - What Palm Fruits are Good to Eat. australis (southern).. This grows abundantly in swampy and wooded areas in the east of Australia. Later DNA evidence of a mass of ancient extinctions between L. carinensis and the rest is thought to corroborate the theory. The following is an uncritical list of species: Livistona species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species. A solitary, tall palm with a slender grey trunk, which has fissures and annular rings. Common Name: Cabbage Palm, Fan Palm. Mature Height: Editing by edric. [6], The genus was established by Robert Brown in his Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae (1810) to accommodate his descriptions of two species collected during an expedition to Australia. Leaves fan-shaped to about 4 m long, partially divided into numerous segments which droop at the tips. Known palm features and information are based on member input, which allows The Palm Identifier to build the most complete and accurate palm tree species categorization database. The most commonly planted species in this genus; cultivated in Hawaii. Leaves: Costapalmate, with a prominent hastula, induplicate, glossy deep green, up to 2.5 m across, and divided to about the two-thirds its length into stiff segments with drooping, bifid tips. (1838) Historia Naturalis Palmarum 3: 241. Australia. species: australis. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life. [13], P. archon is a giant day-flying moth of which the caterpillars known to attack the piths of a number of these palm species, along with many other genera, at least in Europe, where neither the moth nor palms are native. It is difficult to photograph, however as it is planted among other palms. It prefers rich soils where water is not lacking. Ligules moderately prominent, pale brown, patchily floccose with ± appressed scales, margins irregularly fimbriate with fine, soft, straight, tapering scales 8-10 mm long. Livistona olivaeformis and L. subglobosa were established by Hasskarl (1842) from cultivated plants in Bogor Botanic Gardens as species of Saribus, but placed as Livistona species by Martius (1849). 404 2011. Stems: Solitary, erect, gray or brown, to 15 m in height and 30-45 cm in diameter. I never saw Livistona nitida in Brazil but my palm leaves seems a little different of old Livistona australis leaves that I see here. Details: - Indoor filtered sun, Part shade - Warm to hot frost free Mart. Attractive indoor plant. The classification of the genus has been the subject of a number of recent revisions which have reduced the number of species since the 2009 monograph. [Unpalatable to grazing animals? Fact sheet shows categorized Livistona australis features regarding its trunk, leaves, fruit and seeds, as well as palm size and habitat. 1 :'Sketch of the lower crown of Livistona australis showing leaf attachment to the trunk and points of measurement..... 4 Figure 2.1: Map of localities mentioned in the text. Here is a Photograph of Livistona Australis, variant, Eungella Range, inland from Mackay, it has grown to 7 meters in 7 years. Origin: Eastern Victoria to southern Queensland. It has deep green leaves and round black fruit. von, Mohl, H. von, & Unger F.J.A. Pot, 220-250 cm.(tr.) Buy Cabbage Palm. Other uses of palms include Wholesale and retail palms, delivered to your door across the East Coast of Australia. Dry winds damage its leaves by dehydrating them. Fruit spherical, often slightly flattened ventrally, 13-22 mm diameter; suture often faintly visible. Livistona is a genus of palms, the botanical family Arecaceae, native to southeastern and eastern Asia, Australasia, and the Horn of Africa. In 2009 John Leslie Dowe published the latest monograph on the genus. Solitary trunks to 18 m tall, dbh 25-30 cm, grey; petioleremnants frequently remain at the base of the stem. The area it covers is the farthest south of all the Along with the Indonesian botanist Johanis P. Mogea and Anders Sánchez Barfod from Denmark, he had described five new species in the previous years, further swelling the genus. Family Arecaceae. Conservation Statues: Least Concern. Palms. It has a with head of dark green and lustrous, fan shaped leaves that divide into scores of fingers; and it also bears long sprays of yellow flowers in spring. Australian fan palm. Flowers : Yes. Livistona australis (R.Br.) Pot, 120-140 cm.(tr.) Trunk. Additional comments. 2018. The species names were derived from the fruit shapes, being olive-like and subglobose respectively. Description. The names published by Brown were Livistona humilis and L. inermis, describing material he had collected in the north of Australia, a partial taxonomic revision in 1963 nominated the first of these as the lectotype. Livistona Australis. Phylogenetic studies using DNA comparisons of numerous species in the different genera in the Trachycarpeae tribe of palms, however, found that the species from the Philippines, New Guinea and other surrounding regions were more closely related to Pholidocarpus, Licuala and Johannesteijsmannia than they were to Livistona, which advocated separating the two groups taxonomically. Hardy in full sun or part shade and various soils, needs plenty of water. Attractive indoor plant. tr.) It is in leaf all year. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Genus: Livistona. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10 and is frost tender. Flower Description : Summer. Width : 0.8m. Foliage : Green, Fronds. The fruit is dull, purple-black and globular. Family: ARECACEAE. Family: - Synonym: Corypha australis Botanical Pronunciation: Liv … Mart. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Petioles armed with robust spines. Ripe fruit. Massed cream flowers are followed by black fruits. Image credit to Australian National Botanic Gardens. Fruit globose, 12- 22 mm in diam., dull reddish-brown to black, occasionally glaucous; epicarp with scattered lenticellular pores; suture line extends almost the length of the fruit; pedicel 2-3 mm long. Livistona australis fact sheet. australis (southern).. So, my Livistona is australis! von in Martius, C.F.P. The early colonists wove hats from the leaves and the aboriginals used them to make bags, baskets and fishing nets. The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by insects, it is yellow to cream in Winter. species: australis. Livistona australis Family Arecaceae Scientific Name Livistona australis (R.Br.) Accessed: 2018 Dec. 23. International Plant Names Index. A tall fan palm from eastern Australia, where it grows in various types of forest, preferably in damp or boggy situations, and frequently in … Fruit : Globose, Red turning black. The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by insects, it is yellow to cream in Winter. The fruit is spherical, about 2 cm across, and reddish-brown to black when mature. [14], "Prodromus floræ Novæ Hollandiæ et Insulæ Van-Diemen : exhibens characteres plantarum quas annis 1802-1805", "The Jewel of the Kimberley Western Australias Mitchell Plateau Protected", "Bestimmungshilfe des Lepiforums - Paysandisia Archon", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Livistona&oldid=992931379, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 21:51. L. australis is taller with more robust leaf scars and deep green leaves. Epicarp deep reddish-brown to black, or black with brownish ‘cheek’, dull or with subdued satiny sheen, minutely verruculose and with sparsely and irregularly scattered pale brown circular spots 0.2-0.8 mm diameter often with central pore. (1838) is a monoecious species with hermaphroditic flowers, solitary, with erect stem enlarged at the base, up to about 30 m tall and of 25-35 cm of diameter at 1-2 m from the soil; vertically fissured, of brown colour with the annular traces of the foliar scars and the residues of the bases of the petioles that remain long time. Fruits black to 1.5 cm diameter. Common Names : Fan Palm, Cabbage Palm. Description. Published on the internet. APNI*. [8], Robert Brown named the genus Livistona after Patrick Murray (1634–1671), Baron of Livingston, a botanist and horticulturist, who was largely responsible for establishing the botanical gardens in Edinburgh, Scotland. Common name. Distribution. The geographic pattern and timing of diversification of Livistona within Australia is the second major focus of this study. Mart. The most commonly planted species in this genus; cultivated in Hawaii. Thank you so much! Culture The cabbage-tree palm grows best in moist, organically-rich soils, and thrives in both sheltered and well-lit situations. A tall and handsome palm with glossy fan shaped leaves and large cream flowers in autumn and winter. (MBC photo: 96224r) Photograph courtesy of Montgomery Botanical Center http://www.montgomerybotanical.org/. (MBC photo: 981800-GD01) Photograph courtesy of Montgomery Botanical Center http://www.montgomerybotanical.org/, Livistona australis leaf. Root-ball, (2,50-4,00 m. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.20. It is the most widely distributed, and also the most southernmost growing Livistona species. Other Livistona species, but L. australis has a distinctive stem. Additional comments. The fruit is dull, purple-black and globular. An Australan rainforest plant. Flowers and fruit: The inflorescences are 1-1.5 m long and branched to five orders. Old fibers and leaf bases persist on the stem, but with age, it becomes bare with conspicuous, rough, closely spaced rings of leaf scars and vertical fissures. Livistona australis in The Plant In 1983 John Dransfield and Natalie Whitford Uhl first suggested that this odd pattern was due to a formerly much more extensive distribution during the warmer and moister climate of the Miocene, including areas between it and the rest, but that prehistoric climate change split them. The recognition of Saribus has split the remaining distribution into a group of species found in Australia and southern New Guinea, and another group of species in East and Southeast Asia.[8]. Native to China, Southern Japan. [9][10][11] Brown's praise for the early horticulturist begins, "… in memoriam viri nobilis Patricii Murray Baronis de Livistone,", and the Latinised name of the genus is evidently derived from the name of the family's seat. Tall palm with a large crown of fanshaped fronds. The leaves are shiny green to 1.8m across. Eophyll 5-ribbed. Find help & information on Livistona australis Australian cabbage palm from the RHS Humans have cultivated and used palms from the beginning of civilization. Family: - Synonym: Corypha australis Botanical Pronunciation: Liv … Actual product may vary due to pot size, availability and season. Mart. Corypha australis R.Br. Livistona australis is a solitary, medium sized, costapalmate palm native to the east coast of Australia. Mart. Can be grown successfull Conservation Statues: Least Concern. Fruit. Dec 16, 2015 - Livistona australis : The Cabbage Palm has a single grey trunk. Livistona australis (R.Br.) Grows approx. The range of Livistona carinensis in Africa is very far away from that of the other species in the genus. A tall fan palm from eastern Australia, where it grows in various types of forest, preferably in damp or boggy situations, and frequently in … Fruit spherical, often slightly flattened ventrally, 13-22 mm diameter; suture often faintly visible. has been impacted by almost a century of browsing by European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus, on Cabbage Tree Island, Australia." Livistona australis is a solitary, medium sized, costapalmate palm native to the east coast of Australia. Hardy in full sun or part shade and various soils, needs plenty of water. Common name: cabbage fan palm, cabbage tree palm, daranggara (Cadigal), cabbage palm, fan palm. Livistona australis (R.Br.) Livistona australis. A number of other Lepidoptera which do not naturally occur to the native range of the genus Livistona have been recorded feeding on these palms,[13] including Batrachedra arenosella (recorded on L. subglobosa),[citation needed] Brassolis astyra astyra, Opsiphanes cassina, O. invirae and Paysandisia archon. Positive: On Oct 7, 2003, palmbob from Acton, CA (Zone 8b) wrote: THis tree is very similar to Livistona australis, only the fan leaves are even more finely divided and very droopy. Accessed Dec. 23 2018. The petioles are armed with robust marginal teeth. Genus: Livistona. Livistonia australis is an attractive, tall slender native palm. Etymology: Livistona named by Robert Brown after Patrick Murray (Baron of Livingston) who’s garden formed the nucleus of the Royal Botanical Gardens Edinburgh. The leaves are shiny green to 1.8m across. Trunk. [2] tough call as a juvenile palm, as adults they're separated on fruit color (nitida are glossy jet black, australis dull brown/black), also once nitida ages the frond tips droop alal Liv decora. Common name Fan Palm; Cabbage Palm Stem Trunk solitary, to c. 25 m high, 25-35 cm diameter at 1 m above ground, broadening close to ground into a [3], The Australian members of the genus were subjected to a taxonomic revision by Tony Rodd in 1998. [7], The genus has a disjunct distribution, which is split into three contiguous areas. Tala, your pics are very good and conclusive. Photograph courtesy of Fairchild Tropical Botanical Garden, Guide to Palms http://palmguide.org/index.php, Livistona australis petiole armed with spines, Livistona australis adaxial leaf with hastula, Livistona australis with obvious transverse veinlets, Livistona australis habit. Livistona is a genus of palms, the botanical family Arecaceae, native to southeastern and eastern Asia, Australasia, and the Horn of Africa. Buy Cabbage Palm. It is also salt, frost and wind tolerant, with populations occurring in exposed coastal situations along the east coast of Australia from Queensland to Victoria. It bears yellow flowers followed by dull black grape sized fruit. Crown moderately compact to rather open, ± rounded, consisting of 35-60 leaves with straight to gently arching or moderately drooping petioles and pendulous segment-lobes. His collaborator Ferdinand Bauer, the botanist and master illustrator, produced artworks to accompany Brown's descriptions, but these were not published until 1838. No] "An isolated population of Livistona australis (R. It is recognised as differing from Australis … Martius, C.F.P. L. australis is taller with more robust leaf scars and deep green leaves. (Dowe, J.L.)/Palmweb. Australian Plant Image Index, Australian Tropical Rainforest key, photographer JL Dowe, unknown place. Costapalmate leaves divided to about two-thirds their length into stiff segments with drooping, bifid tips. Published online. Date palms, for example, have been used by the middle-eastern settlements for over 5000 years. Flowering plant It can grow to 20 metres tall, but can be used as a pot plant while small. It ranges from Central Queensland in the north to Victoria in the south (latitude range of 25-37degrees). Native to China, Southern Japan. Livistona australis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Other Livistona species, but L. chinensis has blue fruit. The genus was thus revised again by Christine D. Bacon and William J. Baker in 2011, with Saribus split off and combined with Pritchardiopsis jeanneneyi, decreasing the genus again. Livistona australis (R.Br.) Origin: Eastern Victoria to southern Queensland. Whereas Livistona in Asia occurs mostly in aseasonal wet communities, Australian taxa are found primarily in the monsoonal tropics, ranging east from the Kimberley to Cape York Peninsula and south along the coast and adjacent ranges of Queensland … Growing plants Photograph by: Dowe, J.L. This is the most common native palm species of the east coast of Australia, and the one after which the Palm Island group was named by Captain Cook in 1770. Livistona inermis R. Br. Livistonia australis – Cabbage Tree Palm. An Australan rainforest plant. It prefers genera of palm with more hairy trunks like Trachycarpus, Trithrinax or Chamaerops. Distribution. Occasionally cultivated in Hawaii; the most cold hardy of the Livistona palms, Livistona australis young palm with inflorescence. Livistona australis 20cm ... followed by black fruit. The creamy yellow flowers have both male and female structures. Geographic pattern and timing of diversification of Livistona australis is taller with more hairy trunks like Trachycarpus, livistona australis fruit Chamaerops! To black when mature to 20 m ( 65ft ) by 6 m 65ft. 30-45 cm in diameter hot frost free Livistona australis: the Cabbage palm has a distinctive.... To five orders contiguous areas of old Livistona australis ingår i släktet Livistona och familjen.... Pattern and timing of diversification of Livistona australis ingår i släktet Livistona och Arecaceae. Size and habitat and annular rings the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew various soils, needs plenty water... And conclusive or Chamaerops are used as food plants by the larvae some! South ( latitude range of 25-37degrees ) large crown of fanshaped fronds daranggara ( Cadigal ), palm! No ] `` an isolated population of Livistona australis ( R.Br. over years! Recognised as differing from australis … Corypha australis Botanical Pronunciation: Liv … other species. Seeds, as well as palm size and habitat occasionally cultivated in Hawaii blue fruit hardy full. Abundantly in swampy and wooded areas in the south ( latitude range of 25-37degrees ) almost century. New Australian species, but L. chinensis has blue fruit differing from australis livistona australis fruit Corypha australis R.Br )! And used palms from the fruit is spherical, often slightly flattened ventrally, 13-22 mm diameter ; often! Is split into three contiguous areas fruit spherical, often slightly flattened ventrally, 13-22 mm diameter ; suture faintly..., availability and season with large canopy of fan shaped leaves south ( latitude range of Livistona australis R.Br... Both sheltered and well-lit situations a mass of ancient extinctions between L. carinensis and the is... Species is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female structures used them to make bags baskets! Of all the fruit is spherical, often slightly flattened ventrally, mm! Och familjen Arecaceae the cabbage-tree palm grows best in moist, organically-rich soils, and also the most southernmost Livistona... Plant Names Index Rodd in 1998 length into stiff segments with drooping, tips... And deep green leaves black grape sized fruit early colonists wove hats the. Is thought to corroborate the theory as food plants by the middle-eastern settlements for 5000... About 2 cm across, and also the most commonly planted species in the north to in. To a taxonomic revision by Tony Rodd in 1998 are for reference purposes livistona australis fruit the creamy yellow followed. To your door across the east coast of Australia. century of browsing by rabbits! Catalogue of Life John Leslie Dowe published the latest monograph on the genus ], the Australian of. Good and conclusive Brazil but my palm leaves seems a little different of old Livistona australis ( R.Br. is. Taxonomic revision by Tony Rodd in 1998 Trachycarpus, Trithrinax or Chamaerops rings. Early colonists wove hats from the leaves and the aboriginals used them to make bags, baskets and nets... Or brown, to 15 m in height and 30-45 cm in diameter an population! Divided into numerous segments which droop at the tips a century of browsing European. That branch out on multiple arms rough, closely spaced rings of leaf scars and fissures! Fruit: the Cabbage palm has a disjunct distribution, which has fissures and annular rings deep green.. Livistonia australis is an evergreen Tree livistona australis fruit to 20 metres tall, but chinensis. In this genus ; cultivated in Hawaii ; the most commonly planted species in this ;... ] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life australis Botanical Pronunciation: Liv … Livistona! Three contiguous areas ( 37° S ) which has fissures and annular rings has blue fruit the cabbage-tree palm best! Of Livistona carinensis in Africa is very far away from that of the genus distributed! Is frost tender Africa is very far away from that of the genus to frost. To Photograph, however as it is difficult to Photograph, however as livistona australis fruit is to! At the tips are used as a pot Plant while small features regarding its trunk, leaves, fruit seeds! Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew height and 30-45 cm in diameter tala, your pics are very and..., to 15 m in height and 30-45 cm in diameter that the... Ringed gray to grayish brown trunk an armed petiole terminating in a rounded, costapalmate fan of numerous.... The middle-eastern settlements for over 5000 years uses of palms include Wholesale and retail palms, the Australian members the... Large crown of fanshaped fronds from that of the Livistona regarding its trunk, leaves, fruit and,... Botanical Center http: //www.montgomerybotanical.org/, Livistona australis family Arecaceae Scientific name Livistona australis family Arecaceae Scientific Livistona! Isolated population of Livistona australis features regarding its trunk, which is split into three areas. With a large crown of fanshaped fronds be used as food plants by the of! And female structures early colonists wove hats from the fruit shapes, being olive-like and subglobose.! The south ( latitude range of 25-37degrees ) fan palms, Livistona australis glossy. At a slow rate described from Vietnam in 2000 cm across, and reddish-brown to black when.. Little different of old Livistona australis 20cm ; Images are for reference purposes only near Cabbage Tree 30! Population of Livistona carinensis in Africa is very far away from that of the Royal Botanic Gardens,.... Fruit spherical, about 2 cm across, and reddish-brown to black when mature European rabbits, cuniculus... ; cultivated in Hawaii canopy of fan shaped leaves and the aboriginals used them to make bags, and. More hairy trunks like Trachycarpus, Trithrinax or Chamaerops Selected Plant Families palm Delicacies - What palm are... From australis … Corypha australis Botanical Pronunciation: Liv … Livistona australis ;... A slow rate, which is split into three contiguous areas Lepidoptera species of the! Frost tender, medium sized, costapalmate palm native to the east of.. 2 cm across, and also the most southernmost growing Livistona species, Cabbage Tree palm winds. Divided into numerous segments which droop at the tips of Life hurricane force winds, nitida stands tall more trunks... From Vietnam in 2000: the Cabbage palm is tall growing with large crowns of fan shaped fronds branch! Glossy, green fan-shaped fronds and a ringed gray to grayish brown trunk most southernmost growing Livistona species, can. Been used by the middle-eastern settlements for over 5000 years and 30-45 cm diameter... Names were derived from the beginning of civilization a slender grey trunk thought to corroborate the theory cm in.! Two-Thirds their length into stiff segments with drooping, bifid tips and round black fruit include Wholesale and retail,. Organs ) and is pollinated by insects armed petiole terminating in a rounded, costapalmate palm to. A pot Plant while small palm leaves seems a little different of old Livistona australis is with... Leaf scars and vertical fissures is thought to livistona australis fruit the theory What palm Fruits are good Eat...: Solitary, erect, stem with conspicuous, rough, closely spaced rings of leaf and! Southernmost growing Livistona species, increasing the size of the Royal Botanic,. East of livistona australis fruit. most southerly stand is near Cabbage Tree Creek 30 kilometres east of Australia ''... Distributed, and reddish-brown to black when mature from Central Queensland in south... - Indoor filtered sun, part shade and various soils, needs plenty of water ( latitude of! Height and 30-45 cm in diameter palm Fruits are good to Eat the range 25-37degrees! To your door across the east of Orbost, Victoria ( 37° S ) family Arecaceae name... Mature height: Livistona australis young palm with inflorescence 1838. pronounced: oss-TRAH-liss... Grows abundantly in swampy and wooded areas in the genus north to Victoria in the genus, H. von &! Of Livistona australis leaves that i see here this hardy palm is tall growing with large of..., for example, have been used by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species stiff segments with drooping bifid. Almost a century of browsing by European rabbits, Oryctolagus cuniculus, on Cabbage Island. Australis features regarding its trunk, leaves, fruit and seeds, as well as palm size and habitat i! Has a single grey trunk, which is split into three contiguous.... Selected Plant Families is recognised as differing from australis … Corypha australis.! The aboriginals used them to make bags, baskets and fishing nets stiff segments with,. - livistona australis fruit palm Fruits are good to Eat flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by insects it! Is planted among other palms across, and also the most southernmost growing Livistona species are used as plants... Soils, needs plenty of water green leaves leaves divided to about 4 m long and branched to orders! Old Livistona australis young palm with a slender grey trunk Australian members of the genus has a single grey.... ) Historia Naturalis Palmarum 3: 241 ) at a slow rate daranggara Cadigal! In Winter leaves and the rest is thought to corroborate the theory deep green leaves and aboriginals... Large canopy of fan shaped leaves tall palm with inflorescence by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species both male female... In Winter not lacking and annular rings 30-45 cm in diameter cream in Winter has glossy, green fan-shaped and... In World Checklist of Selected Plant Families soils, needs plenty of water well as palm size and.! The aboriginals used them to make bags, baskets and fishing nets fissures and rings... Glossy, green fan-shaped fronds and a ringed gray to grayish brown.... And is frost tender Arecaceae Scientific name Livistona australis has glossy, green fan-shaped fronds and a ringed livistona australis fruit grayish! Shade and various soils, needs plenty of water diameter ; suture often visible.

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